Canadian Chronic Disease Indicators (CCDI)

The Canadian Chronic Disease Indicators (CCDI) are a comprehensive pan-Canadian resource on the burden of chronic diseases and associated determinants. The CCDI are grouped within six domains, as shown below. For each indicator measure, pan-Canadian statistics are available, along with breakdowns by key demographic and socioeconomic variables and time trends.

For a quick overview of the indicators and their measures, click on any of the six domains listed below. A list of all measures within the domain, with their current corresponding pan-Canadian estimates, will be displayed. Additionally, a detailed description of each indicator can be obtained by clicking on the "Description" link next to each indicator. The most current version of the CCDI's Quick Stats is also available in a printer-friendly format.

The "CCDI Data Tool" button situated below brings you to a selection tool that provides access to all available data breakdowns and trends for every indicator.

Use the CCDI Data Tool
CCDI's Quick Stats is also available in a printer-friendly format (PDF document). For an accessible equivalent, please use the table below.

CCDI's Quick Stats is also available in a printer-friendly format (.pdf document)

For more information about each indicator, click on the domains below:

Social and Environmental Determinants
Indicator Group Indicator Measure(s) Latest DataTable Footnote a Source (Year) Description
Education % of population that reports having less than a high school education. 12.2% CCHS
(2016)
Description% of population that reports having less than a high school education.
Income % of population living below low-income cut-offs, after tax. 8.1% CIS
(2016)
Description% of population living below low-income cut-offs, after tax.
Childhood poverty % of children living below low-income cut-offs, after tax.Table Footnote b 7.3% CIS
(2016)
Description% of children living below low-income cut-offs, after tax.
Employment Average annual unemployment rate (% of labour force that was unemployed during reference period). 6.3% LFS
(2017)
DescriptionAverage annual unemployment rate (% of labour force that was unemployed during reference period).
Community belonging % of population that reports a “very strong” or “somewhat strong” sense of belonging to their local community. 68.8% CCHS
(2016)
Description% of population that reports a “very strong” or “somewhat strong” sense of belonging to their local community.
Maternal and Child Health Risk and Protective Factors
Indicator Group Indicator Measure(s) Latest DataTable Footnote a Source (Year) Description
Diabetes during pregnancy Rate of pregnant women with diagnosed diabetes (pre-existing and gestational diabetes). 90.5 per 1,000 total birthsTable Footnote c DAD
(2016)
DescriptionRate of pregnant women with diagnosed diabetes (pre-existing and gestational diabetes).
Hypertension during pregnancy Rate of pregnant women with diagnosed hypertension (pre-existing and gestational hypertension). 68.2 per 1,000 total birthsTable Footnote c DAD
(2016)
DescriptionRate of pregnant women with diagnosed hypertension (pre-existing and gestational hypertension).
Maternal weight during pregnancy % of women who report gestational weight gain above recommended Health Canada guidelines. 42.8%Table Footnote d CCHS
(2016)
Description% of women who report gestational weight gain above recommended Health Canada guidelines.
Preterm birth % of live births with a gestational age at birth of less than 37 completed weeks. 8.2 per 100 live births DAD
(2016)
Description% of live births with a gestational age at birth of less than 37 completed weeks.
Breastfeeding % of women who report exclusive breastfeeding of their child for at least the first 6 months of life. 30.9% CCHS
(2016)
Description% of women who report exclusive breastfeeding of their child for at least the first 6 months of life.
Exposure to second-hand smoke % of households with children aged < 15 years that report regular child exposure to environmental tobacco smoke at home. 2.8% CTADS
(2015)
Description% of households with children aged < 15 years that report regular child exposure to environmental tobacco smoke at home.
Family violence % of population that reports experiencing at least once before the age of 15 any type of physical or sexual assault and/or exposure to violence by an adult (18+ years).Table Footnote e 34.1% GSS
(2014)
Description% of population that reports experiencing at least once before the age of 15 any type of physical or sexual assault and/or exposure to violence by an adult (18+ years).
Behavioural Risk and Protective Factors
Indicator Group Indicator Measure(s) Latest DataTable Footnote a Source (Year) Description
24-hour movement % of children and youth who meet the 24-Hour Movement Guidelines for Children and Youth. 9.5% CHMS
(2014 to 2015)
Description% of children and youth who meet the 24-Hour Movement Guidelines for Children and Youth.
Physical activity % of children and youth who meet physical activity recommendations by accumulating at least 60 minutes of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity per day (measured data). 37.6% CHMS
(2014 to 2015)
Description% of children and youth who meet physical activity recommendations by accumulating at least 60 minutes of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity per day (measured data).
% of adults who meet physical activity guidelines by accumulating at least 150 minutes of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity each week, in bouts of 10 minutes or more (measured data). 17.5% CHMS
(2014 to 2015)
Description% of adults who meet physical activity guidelines by accumulating at least 150 minutes of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity each week, in bouts of 10 minutes or more (measured data).
Sedentary behaviour % of children and youth who report meeting sedentary behaviour recommendations by spending 2 hours or less per day watching television or using computers during leisure-time. 28.5%Table Footnote d CHMS
(2014 to 2015)
Description% of children and youth who report meeting sedentary behaviour recommendations by spending 2 hours or less per day watching television or using computers during leisure-time.
Sleep % of population that reports obtaining the recommended amount of daily sleep. 65.5% CHMS
(2014 to 2015)
Description% of population that reports obtaining the recommended amount of daily sleep.
Nutrition % of population that reports consuming fruit and vegetables at least 5 times/day. 30.0% CCHS
(2016)
Description% of population that reports consuming fruit and vegetables at least 5 times/day.
% of children and youth who report drinking sugar-sweetened beverages daily. 16.0% CHMS
(2014 to 2015)
Description% of children and youth who report drinking sugar-sweetened beverages daily.
Chronic stress % of population that reports life to be “quite a bit” or “extremely” stressful most days in the last 12 months. 21.5% CCHS
(2016)
Description% of population that reports life to be “quite a bit” or “extremely” stressful most days in the last 12 months.
Alcohol use % of population that reports exceeding low risk alcohol drinking guidelines for chronic drinking. 15.2% CTADS
(2015)
Description% of population that reports exceeding low risk alcohol drinking guidelines for chronic drinking.
Smoking % of population that reports being current smokers (daily or occasional). 13.0% CTADS
(2015)
Description% of population that reports being current smokers (daily or occasional).
Drug use % of population that reported using cannabis at least once a week in the last 3 months. 5.2% CTADS
(2015)
Description% of population that reported using cannabis at least once a week in the last 3 months.
Main chronic disease risk factors prevalence % of population that reports having at least one of four main chronic disease risk factors (tobacco smoking, physical inactivity, unhealthy eating and harmful use of alcohol). 84.9% CCHS
(2016)
Description% of population that reports having at least one of four main chronic disease risk factors (tobacco smoking, physical inactivity, unhealthy eating and harmful use of alcohol).
Risk Conditions
Indicator Group Indicator Measure(s) Latest DataTable Footnote a Source (Year) Description
Obesity % of children and youth that are obese (measured data). 13.1% CHMS
(2014 to 2015)
Description% of children and youth that are obese (measured data).
% of adults that are obese (measured data). 28.1% CHMS
(2014 to 2015)
Description% of adults that are obese (measured data).
Elevated blood glucose % of population with elevated blood glucose (measured data).Table Footnote f 4.1% CHMS
(2014 to 2015)
Description% of population with elevated blood glucose (measured data).
Elevated blood cholesterol % of population with elevated blood cholesterol [TC:HDL-C ratio] (measured data).Table Footnote f 18.7% CHMS
(2014 to 2015)
Description% of population with elevated blood cholesterol [TC:HDL-C ratio] (measured data).
Hypertension % of population with diagnosed hypertension. 25.4% CCDSS
(2015–16)Table Footnote g
Description% of population with diagnosed hypertension.
Disease Prevention Practices
Indicator Group Indicator Measure(s) Latest DataTable Footnote a Source (Year) Description
Contact with health care professional % of population that reports having a regular healthcare provider. 84.2% CCHS
(2016)
Description% of population that reports having a regular healthcare provider.
% of population that reported consulting a dentist, dental hygienist or orthodontist at least once in the past 12 months. 69.3% CCHS
(2016)
Description% of population that reported consulting a dentist, dental hygienist or orthodontist at least once in the past 12 months.
Disease screening % of women who report having had a mammogram at least once in the past five years. 83.5% CCHS
(2012)
Description% of women who report having had a mammogram at least once in the past five years.
% of women who report having had at least one PAP smear test in the past 3 years. 79.7% CCHS
(2012)
Description% of women who report having had at least one PAP smear test in the past 3 years.
% of population that reports having had at least one fecal occult blood test, colonoscopy and/or sigmoidoscopy in the recommended time period. 51.1% CCHS
(2012)
Description% of population that reports having had at least one fecal occult blood test, colonoscopy and/or sigmoidoscopy in the recommended time period.
Vaccination (influenza) % of population living with a chronic disease that reported having a seasonal flu shot in the past 12 months.Table Footnote h 47.0% CCHS
(2016)
Description% of population living with a chronic disease that reported having a seasonal flu shot in the past 12 months.
Health Outcomes/Status
Indicator Group Indicator Measure(s) Latest DataTable Footnote a Source (Year) Description
General health % of population that reports their health is “very good” or “excellent”. 60.9% CCHS
(2016)
Description% of population that reports their health is “very good” or “excellent”.
% of population that reports their mental health is “very good” or “excellent”. 68.5% CCHS
(2016)
Description% of population that reports their mental health is “very good” or “excellent”.
Life expectancy at birth. 83.3 years CCDSS
(2013–14 to 2015–16)
DescriptionLife expectancy at birth.
Life expectancy at age 65. 21.8 years CCDSS
(2013–14 to 2015–16)
DescriptionLife expectancy at age 65.
Health-adjusted life expectancy at birth. 71.9 years CCDSS
(2013–14 to 2015–16)
DescriptionHealth-adjusted life expectancy at birth.
Health-adjusted life expectancy at age 65. 16.6 years CCDSS
(2013–14 to 2015–16)
DescriptionHealth-adjusted life expectancy at age 65.
Morbidity — prevalence % of population with diagnosed diabetes. 8.6% CCDSS
(2015–16)
Description% of population with diagnosed diabetes.
% of population that reports having diagnosed cardiovascular diseases (heart disease or stroke). 6.2% CCHS
(2016)
Description% of population that reports having diagnosed cardiovascular diseases (heart disease or stroke).
% of population with diagnosed ischemic heart disease. 8.5% CCDSS
(2015–16)
Description% of population with diagnosed ischemic heart disease.
% of population with diagnosed heart failure. 3.7% CCDSS
(2015–16)
Description% of population with diagnosed heart failure.
% of population with diagnosed stroke. 2.8% CCDSS
(2015–16)
Description% of population with diagnosed stroke.
% of population with diagnosed asthma. 11.4% CCDSS
(2015–16)
Description% of population with diagnosed asthma.
% of population with diagnosed chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. 10.2% CCDSS
(2015–16)
Description% of population with diagnosed chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
% of population that reports ever being diagnosed with cancer. 7.2% CCHS
(2016)
Description% of population that reports ever being diagnosed with cancer.
% of population that reports ever having symptoms consistent with at least 1 of 6 mental or substance use disorders.Table Footnote i 33.3% CCHS-MH
(2012)
Description% of population that reports ever having symptoms consistent with at least 1 of 6 mental or substance use disorders.
% of population that reports having diagnosed mood and/or anxiety disorders. 12.9% CCHS
(2016)
Description% of population that reports having diagnosed mood and/or anxiety disorders.
% of population with diagnosed dementia, including Alzheimer’s disease. 6.9% CCDSS
(2015–16)
Description% of population with diagnosed dementia, including Alzheimer’s disease.
% of population with diagnosed osteoarthritis. 13.7% CCDSS
(2015–16)
Description% of population with diagnosed osteoarthritis.
% of population with diagnosed osteoporosis. 11.9% CCDSS
(2015–16)
Description% of population with diagnosed osteoporosis.
% of population that reports having been diagnosed with at least 1 of the 5 major chronic diseases.Table Footnote j 33.7% CCHS
(2016)
Description% of population that reports having been diagnosed with at least 1 of the 5 major chronic diseases.
% of population that reports having been diagnosed with at least 1 of the 10 major chronic diseases. (New)Table Footnote k 44.2% CCHS
(2016)
Description% of population that reports having been diagnosed with at least 1 of the 10 major chronic diseases. (New)
Multimorbidity % of population that reports having been diagnosed with at least 2 of the 5 major chronic diseases.Table Footnote j 8.9% CCHS
(2016)
Description% of population that reports having been diagnosed with at least 2 of the 5 major chronic diseases.
% of population that reports having been diagnosed with at least 2 of the 10 common chronic diseases.Table Footnote k 18.3% CCHS
(2016)
Description% of population that reports having been diagnosed with at least 2 of the 10 common chronic diseases.
Morbidity — incidence Rate of newly diagnosed diabetes cases. 595.4 per 100 000 CCDSS
(2015–16)
DescriptionRate of newly diagnosed diabetes cases.
Rate of newly diagnosed ischemic heart disease cases. 591.8 per 100 000 CCDSS
(2015–16)
DescriptionRate of newly diagnosed ischemic heart disease cases.
Rate of newly diagnosed acute myocardial infarction cases. 216.8 per 100 000 CCDSS
(2015–16)
DescriptionRate of newly diagnosed acute myocardial infarction cases.
Rate of newly diagnosed heart failure cases. 541.0 per 100 000 CCDSS
(2015–16)
DescriptionRate of newly diagnosed heart failure cases.
Rate of newly diagnosed asthma cases. 464.8 per 100 000 CCDSS
(2015–16)
DescriptionRate of newly diagnosed asthma cases.
Rate of newly diagnosed chronic obstructive pulmonary disease cases. 818.2 per 100 000 CCDSS
(2015–16)
DescriptionRate of newly diagnosed chronic obstructive pulmonary disease cases.
Rate of newly diagnosed cancer cases. 563.6 per 100 000Table Footnote l CCR/NCIRS
(2017)
DescriptionRate of newly diagnosed cancer cases.
Rate of newly diagnosed dementia cases, including Alzheimer’s disease. 1,372.6 per 100 000 CCDSS
(2015–16)
DescriptionRate of newly diagnosed dementia cases, including Alzheimer’s disease.
Rate of newly diagnosed osteoarthritis cases. 872.7 per 100 000 CCDSS
(2015–16)
DescriptionRate of newly diagnosed osteoarthritis cases.
Rate of newly diagnosed hip fracture. 146.6 per 100 000 CCDSS
(2015–16)
DescriptionRate of newly diagnosed hip fracture.
Disability % of population that reports being limited in their activities “sometimes” or “often” due to disease/illness. 32.7% CCHS
(2014)
Description% of population that reports being limited in their activities “sometimes” or “often” due to disease/illness.
Mortality Death rate due to a major chronic disease (diabetes, cancer, cardiovascular diseases, chronic respiratory diseases). 478.0 per 100 000 CVSD
(2015)
DescriptionDeath rate due to a major chronic disease (diabetes, cancer, cardiovascular diseases, chronic respiratory diseases).
Death rate due to diabetes. 20.0 per 100 000 CVSD
(2015)
DescriptionDeath rate due to diabetes.
Death rate due to cardiovascular diseases. 196.4 per 100 000 CVSD
(2015)
DescriptionDeath rate due to cardiovascular diseases.
Death rate due to chronic respiratory diseases. 46.5 per 100 000 CVSD
(2015)
DescriptionDeath rate due to chronic respiratory diseases.
Death rate due to cancer. 215.0 per 100 000 CVSD
(2015)
DescriptionDeath rate due to cancer.
Death rate due to suicide. 12.3 per 100 000 CVSD
(2015)
DescriptionDeath rate due to suicide.
Death rate due to dementia, including Alzheimer’s disease. 67.4 per 100 000 CVSD
(2015)
DescriptionDeath rate due to dementia, including Alzheimer’s disease.
Death rate within one year of hip fracture. 227.5 per 1 000 CCDSS
(2014–15)
DescriptionDeath rate within one year of hip fracture.
Premature mortality Probability of dying between ages 30 and 69 years from one of the major chronic diseases (cardiovascular diseases, cancer, chronic respiratory diseases, diabetes). 10.2% CVSD
(2015)
DescriptionProbability of dying between ages 30 and 69 years from one of the major chronic diseases (cardiovascular diseases, cancer, chronic respiratory diseases, diabetes).
Probability of dying between ages 30 and 69 years from cardiovascular disease. 3.0% CVSD
(2015)
DescriptionProbability of dying between ages 30 and 69 years from cardiovascular disease.
Probability of dying between ages 30 and 69 years from cancer. 6.1% CVSD
(2015)
DescriptionProbability of dying between ages 30 and 69 years from cancer.
Probability of dying between ages 30 and 69 years from chronic respiratory disease. 0.7% CVSD
(2015)
DescriptionProbability of dying between ages 30 and 69 years from chronic respiratory disease.
Probability of dying between ages 30 and 69 years from diabetes. 0.4% CVSD
(2015)
DescriptionProbability of dying between ages 30 and 69 years from diabetes.

Notes

  • Abbreviations: CCDSS, Canadian Chronic Disease Surveillance System; CCHS, Canadian Community Health Survey; CCHS-MH, Canadian Community Health Survey – Mental Health; CCR, Canadian Cancer Registry; CHMS, Canadian Health Measures Survey; CIS, Canadian Income Survey; CTADS, Canadian Tobacco, Alcohol and Drugs Survey; CVSD, Canadian Vital Statistics–Death Database; DAD, Discharge Abstract Database; GSS, General Social Survey; HDL-C, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; LFS, Labour Force Survey; NCIRS, National Cancer Incidence Reporting System; TC, total cholesterol.
  • Note: Indicators/measures identified as data gaps: Prenatal smoking, prenatal alcohol drinking, developmental disorders (including autism spectrum disorder[ASD] and fetal alcohol spectrum disorder[FASD]), social support, resilience, discrimination and stigma and built environment.
  • a All rates in this table are crude and based on actual data, unless otherwise stated.
  • b Includes all children aged 0–17 years both living in and not living in economic families.
  • c Total births include live births and stillbirths.
  • d This indicator has changed from previous editions; estimates are not directly comparable.
  • e Physical assault includes being slapped/hit/pushed/grabbed/shoved/thrown at/physically attacked at least once by an adult (18+ years); sexual assault includes forced/attempted forced sexual activity/touching at least once by an adult (18+ years); and exposure to violence includes having seen/heard parents or guardians hit each other or another adult (18+ years). The definition for this indicator changed; estimates are not directly comparable to previously reported estimates.
  • f This indicator captures individuals (excluding pregnant women) found to have elevated levels of the risk condition measured in a single fasting sample regardless of diagnosis status.
  • g CHMS data exist for this indicator to present pan-Canadian rates of blood pressure status by diagnosis.
  • h Chronic diseases include: cancer (ever had), diabetes, cardiovascular diseases (heart disease and/or stroke), chronic respiratory diseases (asthma and/or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease).
  • i The six mental or substance use disorders include: major depressive episode, bipolar disorder, generalized anxiety disorder and abuse of/dependence on alcohol, cannabis or other drugs.
  • j The five main groups of chronic diseases include: cancer (ever had), diabetes, cardiovascular diseases (heart disease and stroke), chronic respiratory diseases (asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) and mood and/or anxiety disorders.
  • k The 10 chronic diseases included are heart disease, stroke, cancer (ever had), asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, diabetes, arthritis, Alzheimer’s disease or other dementia, mood disorders and/or anxiety disorders.
  • l These numbers are projected estimates for 2017 that are based on the August 2015 CCR tabulation master file (1992–2013) and the NCIRS (1969–1991).
  • Suggested Citation: Public Health Agency of Canada. Canadian Chronic Disease Indicators, Quick Stats, 2018 Edition. Ottawa (ON): Public Health Agency of Canada; 2018.
  • Hashtag: #CCDI
  • For questions or comments, please contact us at: phac.infobase.aspc@canada.ca
Date modified:
2018-10-17