Physical Activity, Sedentary Behaviour, and Sleep (PASS) Indicators

The Physical Activity, Sedentary Behaviour and Sleep (PASS) Indicators provide surveillance information on physical activity, sedentary behaviour and sleep behaviour risk and protective factors among Canadians. The PASS Indicators include 55 unique indicators and their measures, grouped by movement behaviour (physical activity, sedentary behaviour and sleep) and three key domains: Individual, Family/social environment, and Built/society environment. Pan-Canadian statistics are presented where data are available.

For a quick overview of the PASS Indicators click on any of the three activities listed below. A list of all indicator groups, indicators and their measures, for children and youth (aged 5 to 17) and adults (aged 18+), with their corresponding pan-Canadian estimates, will unfold. Additionally, a detailed description of each measure can be obtained by clicking on the “Description” link next to each measure. Printer-friendly PDF “Quick Stats” documents of the PASS Indicators for both children and youth, and adults are also available.

Once developed, the interactive PASS Indicators “Data Tool”, will provide data breakdowns by key demographic and socioeconomic variables for each of the measures within the Framework.

PASS Quick Stats is also available in a printer-friendly format (PDF document). For an accessible equivalent, please use the table below.

PASS Quick Stats is also available in a printer-friendly format (Adult (.pdf) and Children and Youth (.pdf))


Quick Stats Overview

For more information about each indicator, click on the domains below:

Adults (Aged 18+)

Physical Activity
Indicator Group Indicator Indicator Measure(s) Latest Data Source (Year) Description
Individual Physical activity guideline adherence % of adults aged 18 to 79 years who meet physical activity guidelines by accumulating at least 150 minutes of moderate to vigorous physical activity each week, in bouts of 10 minutes or more 17.5% CHMS (2014-2015) Description of % of adults aged 18 to 79 years who meet physical activity guidelines by accumulating at least 150 minutes of moderate to vigorous physical activity each week, in bouts of 10 minutes or more
Individual Total moderate-to-vigorous physical activity amount Average number of minutes per day adults aged 18 to 79 years are engaged in moderate to vigorous physical activity 24.1 minutes CHMS (2014-2015) Description of Average number of minutes per day adults aged 18 to 79 years are engaged in moderate to vigorous physical activity
Individual Occupational physical activity and active chores amount Average number of hours per week adults report doing physical activities while at work, in or around their home or while volunteering 2.9 hours CCHS (2015) Description of Average number of hours per week adults report doing physical activities while at work, in or around their home or while volunteering
Individual Leisure time physical activity amount Average number of hours per week adults report doing sports, fitness or recreational physical activities, organized or non-organized, that lasted a minimum of 10 continuous minutes 1.8 hours CCHS (2015) Description of Average number of hours per week adults report doing sports, fitness or recreational physical activities, organized or non-organized, that lasted a minimum of 10 continuous minutes
Individual Sports participation amount % of population aged 15 or older who reported regularly participating in any sports during the past 12 months 26.0% GSS (2010) Description of % of population aged 15 or older who reported regularly participating in any sports during the past 12 months
Individual Active travel amount % of adults who report walking or cycling to work or school 21.8% CCHS (2014) Description of % of adults who report walking or cycling to work or school
Individual Active travel amount Average number of hours per week adults report using active ways like walking or cycling to get to places 1.7 hours CCHS (2015) Description of Average number of hours per week adults report using active ways like walking or cycling to get to places
Individual Intention level % of adults who, when thinking about the next six months, intend to be physically active 73.9% PAM (2014-2015) Description of % of adults who, when thinking about the next six months, intend to be physically active
Individual Enjoyment level % of adults who report that physical activity is generally pleasant 87.0% PAM (2014-2015) Description of % of adults who report that physical activity is generally pleasant
Individual Confidence level % of adults who report they are confident that they could regularly do a total of 30 minutes or more of moderate physical activity three or four times a week 67.0% PAM (2014-2015) Description of % of adults who report they are confident that they could regularly do a total of 30 minutes or more of moderate physical activity three or four times a week
Individual Physical literacy In development - - Description of In development
Individual Physical health status % of adults who report their health is “very good” or “excellent” 61.1% CCHS (2015) Description of % of adults who report their health is “very good” or “excellent”
Individual Mental health status % of adults who report their mental health is “very good” or “excellent” 72.1% CCHS (2015) Description of % of adults who report their mental health is “very good” or “excellent”
Family/social environment Level of peer and spousal support In development - - Description of In development
Family/social environment Community norms In development - - Description of In development
Family/social environment Presence and type of barriers for physical activity In development - - Description of In development
Built/society environment Community walkability In development - - Description of In development
Built/society environment Presence of parks and recreation facilities % of adults who “somewhat agree” or “strongly agree” that their neighbourhood has several free or low cost recreation facilities, such as parks, walking trails, bike paths, recreation centres, playgrounds, public swimming pools, etc. 78.1% CCHS RR (2011) Description of % of adults who “somewhat agree” or “strongly agree” that their neighbourhood has several free or low cost recreation facilities, such as parks, walking trails, bike paths, recreation centres, playgrounds, public swimming pools, etc.
Built/society environment Presence of active transport infrastructure % of adults who report their community has infrastructure that supports walking or biking (well-maintained sidewalks or designated areas for biking) 78.2% CCHS RR (2011) Description of % of adults who report their community has infrastructure that supports walking or biking (well-maintained sidewalks or designated areas for biking)
Built/society environment Shower access at work % of adults aged 18 to 75 who report having access to showers or change rooms at or near work 45.6% CCHS RR (2007-2008) Description of % of adults aged 18 to 75 who report having access to showers or change rooms at or near work
Built/society environment Community spending on sports and recreation programs In development - - Description of In development
Built/society environment Community spending on active transportation plans In development - - Description of In development
Sedentary Behaviour
Indicator Group Indicator Indicator Measure(s) Latest Data Source (Year) Description
Individual Total sedentary time amount Average number of hours per day spent sedentary, excluding sleep time, population aged 18 to 79 years 9.6 hours CHMS (2014-2015) Description of Average number of hours per day spent sedentary, excluding sleep time, population aged 18 to 79 years
Individual Recreational screen time amount Average number of hours per week adults aged 18 to 79 years report spending on a computer or tablet, e.g. watching videos, playing computer games, emailing or surfing the Internet 25.0 hours CHMS (2014-2015) Description of Average number of hours per week adults aged 18 to 79 years report spending on a computer or tablet, e.g. watching videos, playing computer games, emailing or surfing the Internet
Individual Workplace sedentary time amount In development - - Description of In development
Individual Non-active travel amount In development - - Description of In development
Individual Awareness level In development - - Description of In development
Family/social environment Presence and type of barriers for reducing sedentary behaviour In development - - Description of In development
Family/social environment Work sedentary behaviour norms In development - - Description of In development
Built/society environment Supportive work policies In development - - Description of In development
Sleep
Indicator Group Indicator Indicator Measure(s) Latest Data Source (Year) Description
Individual Nighttime sleep amount Average number of hours adults aged 18 to 79 years report sleeping in a 24-hour period 7.2 hours CHMS (2014-2015) Description of Average number of hours adults aged 18 to 79 years report sleeping in a 24-hour period
Individual Awareness about sleep benefits In development - - Description of In development
Individual Sleep quality - sleep continuity % of adults aged 18 to 79 years who report having trouble going to sleep or staying asleep “most of the time” or “all of the time” 24.9% CHMS (2014-2015) Description of % of adults aged 18 to 79 years who report having trouble going to sleep or staying asleep “most of the time” or “all of the time”
Individual Sleep quality - sleep efficiency In development - - Description of In development
Individual Sleep hygiene - sleep timing In development - - Description of In development
Individual Sleep hygiene - stress In development - - Description of In development
Individual Sleep hygiene - physical activity In development - - Description of In development
Individual Sleep hygiene - caffeinated beverage consumption In development - - Description of In development
Family/social environment Sleep routines In development - - Description of In development
Built/society environment Presence and type of barriers for sleep In development - - Description of In development
Built/society environment Electronic media in the bedroom In development - - Description of In development
Built/society environment Nocturnal environment noise In development - - Description of In development

Children (Aged 5-11) and Youth (Aged 12-17)

Physical Activity
Indicator Group Indicator Indicator Measure(s) Latest Data Source (Year) Description
Individual Physical activity recommendation adherence % of children and youth who meet physical activity recommendations by accumulating at least 60 minutes of moderate to vigorous physical activity per day 37.6% CHMS (2014-2015) Description of % of children and youth who meet physical activity recommendations by accumulating at least 60 minutes of moderate to vigorous physical activity per day
Individual Total moderate-to-vigorous physical activity amount Average number of minutes per day children and youth are engaged in moderate to vigorous physical activity 57.0 minutes CHMS (2014-2015) Description of Average number of minutes per day children and youth are engaged in moderate to vigorous physical activity
Individual 24-hour movement % of children and youth who meet the Canadian 24-Hour Movement Guidelines for Children and Youth 9.5% CHMS (2014-2015) Description of % of children and youth who meet the Canadian 24-Hour Movement Guidelines for Children and Youth
Individual School physical activity amount Average number of hours per week youth in Grades 6 to 10 report taking part in physical activity that makes them out of breath or warmer than usual during class time at school 2.3 hours HBSC (2014) Description of Average number of hours per week youth in Grades 6 to 10 report taking part in physical activity that makes them out of breath or warmer than usual during class time at school
Individual School physical activity amount Average number of hours per week that parents report children spend doing physical activity during class time 2.0 hours CHMS (2014-2015) Description of Average number of hours per week that parents report children spend doing physical activity during class time
Individual Sports participation amount (leisure time) % of Canadian parents who report that their children participated in sports in the last 12 months 74.2% PAM (2014-2015) Description of % of Canadian parents who report that their children participated in sports in the last 12 months
Individual Active play amount (leisure time) % of children who accumulate 3 hours or less per week of active play (unstructured physical activity) outside of school 48.8% CHMS (2014-2015) Description of % of children who accumulate 3 hours or less per week of active play (unstructured physical activity) outside of school
Individual Active travel amount % of youth who report walking or cycling to work or school 53.0% CCHS (2014) Description of % of youth who report walking or cycling to work or school
Individual Active travel amount Average amount of hours per week youth report using active ways like walking or cycling to get to places 3.3 hours CCHS (2015) Description of Average amount of hours per week youth report using active ways like walking or cycling to get to places
Individual Intention level In development - - Description of In development
Individual Enjoyment level % of youth who report they enjoy being physically active - - Description of % of youth who report they enjoy being physically active
Individual Confidence level % of youth who report they are confident in their ability to be physically active - - Description of % of youth who report they are confident in their ability to be physically active
Individual Physical literacy In development - - Description of In development
Individual Physical health status % of youth who report their health is “very good” or “excellent” 72.6% CCHS (2015) Description of % of youth who report their health is “very good” or “excellent”
Individual Physical health status % of parents who report the health of their child is “very good” or “excellent” 88.4% CHMS (2014-2015) Description of % of parents who report the health of their child is “very good” or “excellent”
Individual Mental health status % of youth who report their mental health is “very good” or “excellent” 73.9% CHMS (2014-2015) Description of % of youth who report their mental health is “very good” or “excellent”
Individual Mental health status % of parents who report their child’s mental health is “very good” or “excellent” - - Description of % of parents who report their child’s mental health is “very good” or “excellent”
Family/social environment Level of parental support % of Canadian parents who report “often” or “very often” playing active games with their children in the past year 36.1% PAM (2014-2015) Description of % of Canadian parents who report “often” or “very often” playing active games with their children in the past year
Family/social environment Level of peer support % of youth in Grades 9 and 10 who report that most of their friends “often” participate in organized sports activities with others 58.2% HBSC (2014) Description of % of youth in Grades 9 and 10 who report that most of their friends “often” participate in organized sports activities with others
Built/society environment Perceived distance to school In development - - Description of In development
Built/society environment Level of community safety % of Canadian parents who identify safety concerns as a barrier to children’s physical activity 24.0% PAM (2014-2015) Description of % of Canadian parents who identify safety concerns as a barrier to children’s physical activity
Built/society environment Community walkability In development - - Description of In development
Built/society environment Presence of parks and recreation facilities % of youth who “somewhat agree” or “strongly agree” that their neighbourhood has several free or low cost recreation facilities, such as parks, walking trails, bike paths, recreation centres, playgrounds, public swimming pools, etc. 79.2% CCHS RR (2011) Description of % of youth who “somewhat agree” or “strongly agree” that their neighbourhood has several free or low cost recreation facilities, such as parks, walking trails, bike paths, recreation centres, playgrounds, public swimming pools, etc.
Built/society environment Presence of active transport infrastructure In development - - Description of In development
Built/society environment Supportive policies at school % of schools that have a committee that oversees policies and practices concerning physical activity (e.g. health action team) 42.3% HBSC-Admin (2014) Description of % of schools that have a committee that oversees policies and practices concerning physical activity (e.g. health action team)
Built/society environment Community spending on sports and recreation programs In development - - Description of In development
Built/society environment Community spending on active transportation plans In development - - Description of In development
Sedentary Behaviour
Indicator Group Indicator Indicator Measure(s) Latest Data Source (Year) Description
Individual Sedentary behaviour recommendation adherence % of children and youth who report meeting sedentary behaviour recommendations by spending 2 hours or less per day watching television or using a computer during leisure-time 28.5% CHMS (2014-2015) Description of % of children and youth who report meeting sedentary behaviour recommendations by spending 2 hours or less per day watching television or using a computer during leisure-time
Individual Amount of sedentary time Average number of hours per day children and youth spend sedentary, excluding sleep time 8.4 hours CHMS (2014-2015) Description of Average number of hours per day children and youth spend sedentary, excluding sleep time
Individual Recreational screen time amount Average number of hours per week youth report spending on a computer or tablet, e.g. watching videos, playing computer games, emailing or surfing the Internet 4.2 hours CHMS (2014-2015) Description of Average number of hours per week youth report spending on a computer or tablet, e.g. watching videos, playing computer games, emailing or surfing the Internet
Individual Sedentary time at school In development - - Description of In development
Individual Non-active travel amount In development - - Description of In development
Individual Time spent outdoors Average number of hours per day children spend outside 1.8 hours CHMS (2014-2015) Description of Average number of hours per day children spend outside
Family/social environment Parental awareness level In development - - Description of In development
Family/social environment Home screen time rules In development - - Description of In development
Built/society environment Presence and access to electronic media In development - - Description of In development
Sleep
Indicator Group Indicator Indicator Measure(s) Latest Data Source (Year) Description
Individual Sleep recommendation adherence % of children and youth who report meeting sleep recommendations by obtaining adequate sleep: 9 to 11 hours per night for ages 5 to 13 years and 8 to 10 hours per night for ages 14 to 17 71% CHMS (2014-2015) Description of % of children and youth who report meeting sleep recommendations by obtaining adequate sleep: 9 to 11 hours per night for ages 5 to 13 years and 8 to 10 hours per night for ages 14 to 17
Individual Amount of sleep in 24-hour period Average number of hours children and youth report sleeping in a 24-hour period 9.0 hours CHMS (2014-2015) Description of Average number of hours children and youth report sleeping in a 24-hour period
Individual Daytime napping amount (5 years and under) In development - - Description of In development
Individual Nighttime sleep amount In development - - Description of In development
Individual Sleep quality - sleep continuity % of children and youth who report having trouble going to sleep or staying asleep “most of the time” or “all of the time” 10.4% CHMS (2014-2015) Description of % of children and youth who report having trouble going to sleep or staying asleep “most of the time” or “all of the time”
Individual Sleep quality - sleep efficiency In development - - Description of In development
Individual Sleep hygiene - sleep timing In development - - Description of In development
Individual Sleep hygiene - stress In development - - Description of In development
Individual Sleep hygiene - physical activity In development - - Description of In development
Individual Sleep hygiene - caffeinated beverage consumption In development - - Description of In development
Family/social environment Home sleep rules and routines % of parents who report they set regular bedtimes for their children and enforce them - - Description of % of parents who report they set regular bedtimes for their children and enforce them
Built/society environment Electronic media in the bedroom % of children and youth who report they have a television, computer or game console in their bedroom - - Description of % of children and youth who report they have a television, computer or game console in their bedroom
Built/society environment Nocturnal environment noise In development - - Description of In development

Notes

  • Abbreviations: CCHS, Canadian Community Health Survey; CCHS RR, Canadian Community Health Survey Rapid Response; CHMS, Canadian Health Measures Survey;GSS, General Social Survey; HBSC, Health Behaviours in School-aged Children; HBSC-Admin, Health Behaviours in School-aged Children Administrator Survey; PAM, Physical Activity Monitor.
  • Note: “In development” refers to measures that are under development either because a data source is currently not available or because more research has to be done to identify a promising measure and data source.
  • Correspondence: Behaviours, Environments and Lifespan Team, Centre for Surveillance and Applied Research, Public Health Agency of Canada, 785 Carling Avenue, Ottawa, ON K1A 0K9; Email: Infobase@phac-aspc.gc.ca
  • Suggested citation (Adults): Public Health Agency of Canada. Physical Activity, Sedentary Behaviour and Sleep (PASS) Indicators: Quick Stats, adults (18 years of age and older), Canada, 2017 edition. Ottawa (ON): Public Health Agency of Canada; 2017.
  • Suggested citation (Children and Youth): Public Health Agency of Canada. Physical Activity, Sedentary Behaviour and Sleep (PASS) indicators: Quick Stats, children (aged 5 to 11) and youth (aged 12 to 17), Canada, 2017 edition. Ottawa (ON): Public Health Agency of Canada; 2017.
  • Learn more about PASS
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