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National Drowning Prevention Week (July 17-23, 2016) Published: ()

Summertime is about taking almost every indoor activity and doing it outside. It also means finding ways to stay cool. While many of us enjoy a good swim, it’s an activity that requires much safety; otherwise, we’re all in hot water.

Does drowning mean death?

Well, not always. Based on the World Health Organization’s definition, drowning is defined as respiratory impairment from being in or under a liquid. Using the term “near drowning” to refer to those who survive is no longer recommended, and isn’t used in our analysis. Therefore, we use the term “drowning” to include death or survival.

Drownings by Water Source

Natural Bodies of Water (Oceans, Lakes, Rivers, Ponds, etc.)

1-4 years old

Almost a quarter of all drowning and submersions in Canada, between 2006-2010, which resulted in hospitalizations, happened in natural bodies of water. 10% of the people hospitalized were 1 to 4 years old. [HMDB, 2006-2010]

25%

Since 2011 in Canada, 25% of all injuries associated with drowning happened in, or around, natural bodies of water, with about 6% to do with people falling through ice in the winter. [ECHIRPP, 2011-2015].


Water Park

2%

Since 2011, 2% of injuries associated with drowning happen at water parks. [ECHIRPP, 2011-2015]


Pools

#1

The #1 cause for hospitalizations across Canada between 2006-2010 was drowning while being in, or falling into, a swimming pool. [HMDB, 2006-2010]

54%

More than half (54%) of 1 to 4 year olds that were hospitalized due to drowning, drowned in swimming pools. [HMDB, 2006-2010]

28 per year

On average, 28 people die annually in Canada from drowning in pools [CANSIM, Statistics Canada] 21% are children between 1 and 4 years old. [CANSIM, Statistics Canada]

55%

Since 2011, more than 55% of injuries associated with drowning in Canada happened in swimming pools (including public and home pools). [ECHIRPP, 2011-2015]


Bathtub

10%

10% of all hospitalizations associated with drowning happened in bathtubs. [HMDB, 2006-2010]

>60%

More than 60% of drownings in bathtubs that resulted in hospitalization in Canada happened to children between 1 and 4 years old. [HMDB, 2006-2010]

44 deaths

In 2011, 44 deaths in Canada due to drowning happened in bathtubs. [CANSIM, Statistics Canada]


Other (Fountains and Septic Tanks)

2%

Since 2011, 2% of injuries associated with drowning happened in unexpected places, like fountains and septic tanks. [ECHIRPP, 2011-2015]


Buckets and Basins

2%

Since 2011, 2% of drownings in 1 to 4 year olds happened in buckets/basins. [ECHIRPP, 2011-2015]


Drownings by Incident

Deaths

253

In 2011, 253 people died due to unintentional drowning across Canada. [CANSIM, Statistics Canada]

2011

In 2011, 28 people died in Canada from drowning in pools. [CANSIM, Statistics Canada]

21%

In 2011, 21% of people who died from drowning in swimming pools were between 1 and 4 years old. [CANSIM, Statistics Canada]


Hospitalizations

<19

58% of hospitalizations associated with drowning, between 2006-2010, were people 19 or younger.

65% male

Of all the people hospitalized due to drowning, more than 65% were male. [HMDB, 2006-2010]

#1

The #1 cause for hospitalizations across Canada, between 2006-2010, was drowning while being in, or falling into, a swimming pool. [HMDB, 2006-2010]

54%

More than half (54%) of 1 to 4 year olds hospitalized due to drowning, drowned in swimming pools. [HMDB, 2006-2010]

1/4

Almost a quarter of all hospitalizations from drowning and submersions in Canada, between 2006-2010, happened in natural bodies of water [HMDB, 2006-2010]. 10% of the people hospitalized were 1 to 4 years old. [HMDB, 2006-2010]


Emergency Room

2%

Since 2011, 2% of drownings in 1 to 4 year olds happened in buckets/basins. [ECHIRPP, 2011-2015]

2%

Since 2011, 2% of injuries associated with drowning happened in unexpected places, like fountains and septic tanks. [ECHIRPP, 2011-2015]

2%

Since 2011, 2% of injuries associated with drowning happen at water parks. [ECHIRPP, 2011-2015]

67%

Since 2011, 67% of deaths from injuries in Canada happened in natural bodies of waters. [ECHIRPP, 2011-2015]


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