Canadian Chronic Disease Indicators

The Canadian Chronic Disease Indicators (CCDI) are a comprehensive pan-Canadian resource on the burden of chronic diseases and associated determinants. The CCDI are grouped within six domains, as shown below. For each indicator measure, pan-Canadian statistics are available, along with breakdowns by key demographic and socioeconomic variables and time trends.

For a quick overview of the indicators and their measures, click on any of the six domains listed below. A list of all measures within the domain, with their current corresponding pan-Canadian estimates, will be displayed. Additionally, a detailed description of each indicator can be obtained by clicking on the “Description” link next to each indicator. The most current version of the CCDI's Quick Stats is also available in a printer-friendly format.

CCDI's Quick Stats is also available in a printer-friendly format (PDF document). For an accessible equivalent, please use the table below.

CCDI's Quick Stats is also available in a printer-friendly format (.pdf document)

Quick Stats Overview

For more information about each indicator, click on the domains below:

Social and Environmental Determinants
Indicator Group Indicator Measure(s) Latest Dataa Source (Year) Description
Education % of population that reports having less than a high school education, population aged 20+ years. 12.1% CCHS (2015) Description of % of population that reports having less than a high school education, population aged 20+ years.
Income % of population living below low-income cut-offs, after tax, total population. 9.2% CIS (2015) Description of % of population living below low-income cut-offs, after tax, total population.
Childhood poverty % of children living below low-income cut-offs, after tax, population aged < 18 yearsb. (New) 8.6% CIS (2015) Description of % of children living below low-income cut-offs, after tax, population aged < 18 yearsb. (New)
Employment Average annual unemployment rate (% of labour force that was unemployed during reference period), population aged 15+ years. 7.1% LFS (2016) Description of Average annual unemployment rate (% of labour force that was unemployed during reference period), population aged 15+ years.
Community belonging % of population that reports a “very strong” or “somewhat strong” sense of belonging to their local community, population aged 12+ years. (New) 67.9% CCHS (2015) Description of % of population that reports a “very strong” or “somewhat strong” sense of belonging to their local community, population aged 12+ years. (New)
Maternal and Child Health Risk and Protective Factors
Indicator Group Indicator Measure(s) Latest Dataa Source (Year) Description
Family violence % of population that reports experiencing any of three types of child abuse (physical abuse, sexual abuse or exposure to intimate partner violence) before the age of 15, population aged 15+ years. 23.6% GSS (2014) Description of % of population that reports experiencing any of three types of child abuse (physical abuse, sexual abuse or exposure to intimate partner violence) before the age of 15, population aged 15+ years.
Diabetes during pregnancy Rate of pregnant women with diagnosed diabetes (pre-existing and gestational diabetes). (New) 81.7 per 1000 total birthsc DAD (2015-2016) Description of Rate of pregnant women with diagnosed diabetes (pre-existing and gestational diabetes). (New)
Hypertension during pregnancy Rate of pregnant women with diagnosed hypertension (pre-existing and gestational hypertension). (New) 68.1 per 1000 total birthsc DAD (2015-2016) Description of Rate of pregnant women with diagnosed hypertension (pre-existing and gestational hypertension). (New)
Maternal weight during pregnancy % of women who report gestational weight gain above recommended Health Canada guidelines. (New) 48.9% CCHS (2015) Description of % of women who report gestational weight gain above recommended Health Canada guidelines. (New)
Congenital heart defects Rate of infants with congenital heart defects. (New) 108.2 per 10 000 total birthsc CCASS (2014)d Description of Rate of infants with congenital heart defects. (New)
Preterm birth % of live births with a gestational age at birth of less than 37 completed weeks. (New) 8.0 per 100 live births DAD (2015) Description of % of live births with a gestational age at birth of less than 37 completed weeks. (New)
Breastfeeding % of women who report exclusive breastfeeding of their child for at least the first 6 months of life, women aged 15+ years. 31.7% CCHS (2015) Description of % of women who report exclusive breastfeeding of their child for at least the first 6 months of life, women aged 15+ years.
Exposure to second-hand smoke % of households with children aged < 15 years that report regular child exposure to environmental tobacco smoke at home. 2.8% CTADS (2015) Description of % of households with children aged < 15 years that report regular child exposure to environmental tobacco smoke at home.
Behavioural Risk and Protective Factors
Indicator Group Indicator Measure(s) Latest Dataa Source (Year) Description
24-hour movement % of children and youth who meet the 24-Hour Movement Guidelines, population aged 5 to 17 years. (New) 9.5% CHMS (2014-2015) Description of % of children and youth who meet the 24-Hour Movement Guidelines, population aged 5 to 17 years. (New)
Physical activity % of children and youth who meet physical activity recommendations by accumulating at least 60 minutes of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity per day (measured data), population aged 5 to 17 years. 37.6%e CHMS (2014-2015) Description of % of children and youth who meet physical activity recommendations by accumulating at least 60 minutes of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity per day (measured data), population aged 5 to 17 years.
Physical activity % of adults who meet physical activity guidelines by accumulating at least 150 minutes of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity each week, in bouts of 10 minutes or more (measured data), population aged 18+ years. 17.5% CHMS (2014-2015) Description of % of adults who meet physical activity guidelines by accumulating at least 150 minutes of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity each week, in bouts of 10 minutes or more (measured data), population aged 18+ years.
Sedentary behaviour % of children and youth who report meeting sedentary behaviour recommendations by spending 2 hours or less per day watching television or using computers during leisure-time, population aged 5 to 17 years. 28.5%e CHMS (2014-2015) Description of % of children and youth who report meeting sedentary behaviour recommendations by spending 2 hours or less per day watching television or using computers during leisure-time, population aged 5 to 17 years.
Sleep % of population that reports obtaining the recommended amount of daily sleep, population aged 5+ years. 65.5% CHMS (2014-2015) Description of % of population that reports obtaining the recommended amount of daily sleep, population aged 5+ years.
Nutrition % of population that reports consuming fruit and vegetables at least 5 times/day, population aged 12+ years. 31.5%e CCHS (2015) Description of % of population that reports consuming fruit and vegetables at least 5 times/day, population aged 12+ years.
Nutrition % of children and youth who report drinking sugar-sweetened beverages daily, population aged 5 to 17 years. 16.0% CHMS (2014-2015) Description of % of children and youth who report drinking sugar-sweetened beverages daily, population aged 5 to 17 years.
Chronic stress % of population that reports life to be “quite a bit” or “extremely” stressful most days in the last 12 months, population aged 12+ years. 21.4% CCHS (2015) Description of % of population that reports life to be “quite a bit” or “extremely” stressful most days in the last 12 months, population aged 12+ years.
Alcohol use % of population that reports exceeding low risk alcohol drinking guidelines for chronic drinking, population aged 15+ years. 15.2% CTADS (2015) Description of % of population that reports exceeding low risk alcohol drinking guidelines for chronic drinking, population aged 15+ years.
Smoking % of population that reports being current smokers (daily or occasional), population aged 15+ years. 13.0% CTADS (2015) Description of % of population that reports being current smokers (daily or occasional), population aged 15+ years.
Drug use % of population that reported using cannabis at least once a week in the last 3 months, population aged 15+ years. (New) 5.2% CTADS (2015) Description of % of population that reported using cannabis at least once a week in the last 3 months, population aged 15+ years. (New)
Main chronic disease risk factors prevalence % of population that reports having at least one of four main chronic disease risk factors (tobacco smoking, physical inactivity, unhealthy eating and harmful use of alcohol), population aged 20+ years. (New) 84.7% CCHS (2015) Description of % of population that reports having at least one of four main chronic disease risk factors (tobacco smoking, physical inactivity, unhealthy eating and harmful use of alcohol), population aged 20+ years. (New)
Risk Conditions
Indicator Group Indicator Measure(s) Latest Dataa Source (Year) Description
Obesity % of children and youth that are obese (measured data), population aged 5 to 17 years. 13.1% CHMS (2014-2015) Description of % of children and youth that are obese (measured data), population aged 5 to 17 years.
Obesity % of adults that are obese (measured data), population aged 18+ years. 28.1% CHMS (2014-2015) Description of % of adults that are obese (measured data), population aged 18+ years.
Elevated blood glucose % of population with elevatedf blood glucose (measured data), population aged 18+ years. 4.1% CHMS (2014-2015) Description of % of population with elevatedf blood glucose (measured data), population aged 18+ years.
Elevated blood cholesterol % of population with elevatedf blood cholesterol [TC:HDL-C ratio] (measured data), population aged 18+ years. 18.7% CHMS (2014-2015) Description of % of population with elevatedf blood cholesterol [TC:HDL-C ratio] (measured data), population aged 18+ years.
Hypertension % of population with diagnosed hypertension, population aged 20+ years. 25.1% CCDSS (2013/14)g Description of % of population with diagnosed hypertension, population aged 20+ years.
Disease Prevention Practices
Indicator Group Indicator Measure(s) Latest Dataa Source (Year) Description
Contact with health care professional % of population that reports having a regular health care provider, population aged 12+ years. (New) 81.8% CCHS (2015) Description of % of population that reports having a regular health care provider, population aged 12+ years. (New)
Contact with health care professional % of population that reported consulting a dentist, dental hygienist or orthodontist at least once in the past 12 months, population aged 12+ years. 68.5% CCHS (2015) Description of % of population that reported consulting a dentist, dental hygienist or orthodontist at least once in the past 12 months, population aged 12+ years.
Disease screening % of women who report having had a mammogram at least once in the past five years, population 50 to 74 years. 83.5% CCHS (2012) Description of % of women who report having had a mammogram at least once in the past five years, population 50 to 74 years.
Disease screening % of women who report having had at least one PAP smear test in the past 3 years, population aged 25 to 69 years. 79.7% CCHS (2012) Description of % of women who report having had at least one PAP smear test in the past 3 years, population aged 25 to 69 years.
Disease screening % of population that reports having had at least one fecal occult blood test, colonoscopy and/or sigmoidoscopy in the recommended time period, population aged 50 to 74 years. 51.1% CCHS (2012) Description of % of population that reports having had at least one fecal occult blood test, colonoscopy and/or sigmoidoscopy in the recommended time period, population aged 50 to 74 years.
Vaccination (influenza) % of population living with a chronic health condition that reported having a seasonal flu shot in the past 12 months, population aged 12+ years. 50.0% CCHS (2015) Description of % of population living with a chronic health condition that reported having a seasonal flu shot in the past 12 months, population aged 12+ years.
Health Outcomes/Status
Indicator Group Indicator Measure(s) Latest Dataa Source (Year) Description
General health % of population that reports their health is “very good” or “excellent”, population aged 12+ years. 62.0% CCHS (2015) Description of % of population that reports their health is “very good” or “excellent”, population aged 12+ years.
General health % of population that reports their mental health is “very good” or “excellent”, population aged 12+ years. 72.5% CCHS (2015) Description of % of population that reports their mental health is “very good” or “excellent”, population aged 12+ years.
General health Life expectancy at birth. 83 years CCDSS (2010/11-2012/13) Description of Life expectancy at birth.
General health Life expectancy at age 65. 21.6 years CCDSS (2010/11-2012/13) Description of Life expectancy at age 65.
General health Health-adjusted life expectancy at birth. 71.9 years CCDSS (2010/11-2012/13) Description of Health-adjusted life expectancy at birth.
General health Health-adjusted life expectancy at age 65. 16.6 years CCDSS (2010/11-2012/13) Description of Health-adjusted life expectancy at age 65.
Mobidity - prevalence % of population with diagnosed diabetes, population aged 1+ years. 8.1% CCDSS (2013/14) Description of % of population with diagnosed diabetes, population aged 1+ years.
Mobidity - prevalence % of population that reports having diagnosed cardiovascular diseases (heart disease or stroke), population aged 20+ years. 5.8% CCHS (2015) Description of % of population that reports having diagnosed cardiovascular diseases (heart disease or stroke), population aged 20+ years.
Mobidity - prevalence % of population with diagnosed stroke, population aged 20+ years. 2.7% CCDSS (2013/14) Description of % of population with diagnosed stroke, population aged 20+ years.
Mobidity - prevalence % of population with diagnosed heart failure, population aged 40+ years. 3.7% CCDSS (2013/14) Description of % of population with diagnosed heart failure, population aged 40+ years.
Mobidity - prevalence % of population with diagnosed ischemic heart disease, population aged 20+ years. 8.5% CCDSS (2013/14) Description of % of population with diagnosed ischemic heart disease, population aged 20+ years.
Mobidity - prevalence % of population with diagnosed asthma, population aged 1+ years. 11.1% CCDSS (2013/14) Description of % of population with diagnosed asthma, population aged 1+ years.
Mobidity - prevalence % of population with diagnosed chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, population aged 35+ years. 9.9% CCDSS (2013/14) Description of % of population with diagnosed chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, population aged 35+ years.
Mobidity - prevalence % of population that reports ever being diagnosed with cancer, population aged 12+ years. (New) 7.1% CCHS (2015) Description of % of population that reports ever being diagnosed with cancer, population aged 12+ years. (New)
Mobidity - prevalence % of population that reports ever having symptoms consistent with at least 1 of 6 mental or substance use disordersh, population aged 15+ years. 33.3% CCHS (2012-MH) Description of % of population that reports ever having symptoms consistent with at least 1 of 6 mental or substance use disordersh, population aged 15+ years.
Mobidity - prevalence % of population that reports having diagnosed mood and/or anxiety disorders, population aged 12+ years. 12.2% CCHS (2015) Description of % of population that reports having diagnosed mood and/or anxiety disorders, population aged 12+ years.
Mobidity - prevalence % of population with diagnosed osteoarthritis, population aged 20+ years. (New) 13.0% CCDSS (2013/14) Description of % of population with diagnosed osteoarthritis, population aged 20+ years. (New)
Mobidity - prevalence % of population with diagnosed osteoporosis, population aged 40+ years. 11.7% CCDSS (2013/14) Description of % of population with diagnosed osteoporosis, population aged 40+ years.
Mobidity - prevalence % of population with diagnosed dementia, including Alzheimer’s disease, population aged 65+ years. (New) 7.1% CCDSS (2013/14) Description of % of population with diagnosed dementia, including Alzheimer’s disease, population aged 65+ years. (New)
Mobidity - prevalence % of population that reports having been diagnosed with at least 1 of the 5 major chronic diseasesi, population aged 20+ years. (New) 29.2% CCHS (2015) Description of % of population that reports having been diagnosed with at least 1 of the 5 major chronic diseasesi, population aged 20+ years. (New)
Multimorbidity % of population that reports having been diagnosed with at least 2 of the 5 major chronic diseasesi, population aged 20+ years. (New) 6.9% CCHS (2015) Description of % of population that reports having been diagnosed with at least 2 of the 5 major chronic diseasesi, population aged 20+ years. (New)
Multimorbidity % of population that reports having been diagnosed with at least 2 of the 10 common chronic diseasesj, population aged 20+ years. 15.8% CCHS (2015) Description of % of population that reports having been diagnosed with at least 2 of the 10 common chronic diseasesj, population aged 20+ years.
Morbidity - incidence Rate of newly diagnosed diabetes cases, population aged 1+ years. 593.1 per 100 000 CCDSS (2013/14) Description of Rate of newly diagnosed diabetes cases, population aged 1+ years.
Morbidity - incidence Rate of newly diagnosed asthma cases, population aged 1+ years. 487.5 per 100 000 CCDSS (2013/14) Description of Rate of newly diagnosed asthma cases, population aged 1+ years.
Morbidity - incidence Rate of newly diagnosed chronic obstructive pulmonary disease cases, population aged 35+ years. 830.9 per 100 000 CCDSS (2013/14) Description of Rate of newly diagnosed chronic obstructive pulmonary disease cases, population aged 35+ years.
Morbidity - incidence Rate of newly diagnosed heart failure cases, population aged 40+ years. 534.7 per 100 000 CCDSS (2013/14) Description of Rate of newly diagnosed heart failure cases, population aged 40+ years.
Morbidity - incidence Rate of newly diagnosed ischemic heart disease cases, population aged 20+ years. 604.1 per 100 000 CCDSS (2013/14) Description of Rate of newly diagnosed ischemic heart disease cases, population aged 20+ years.
Morbidity - incidence Rate of newly diagnosed acute myocardial infarction cases, population aged 20+ years. 224.4 per 100 000 CCDSS (2013/14) Description of Rate of newly diagnosed acute myocardial infarction cases, population aged 20+ years.
Morbidity - incidence Rate of newly diagnosed osteoarthritis cases, population aged 20+ years. (New) 886.8 per 100 000 CCDSS (2013/14) Description of Rate of newly diagnosed osteoarthritis cases, population aged 20+ years. (New)
Morbidity - incidence Rate of newly diagnosed hip fracture cases, population aged 40+ years. 158.4 per 100 000 CCDSS (2013/14) Description of Rate of newly diagnosed hip fracture cases, population aged 40+ years.
Morbidity - incidence Rate of newly diagnosed dementia, including Alzheimer’s disease, population aged 65+ years. (New) 1426.5 per 100 000 CCDSS (2013/14) Description of Rate of newly diagnosed dementia, including Alzheimer’s disease, population aged 65+ years. (New)
Morbidity - incidence Rate of newly diagnosed cancer cases, total population. 563.6 per 100 000k CCR/NCIRS (2017) Description of Rate of newly diagnosed cancer cases, total population.
Disability % of population that reports being limited in their activities “sometimes” or “often” due to disease/illness, population aged 12+ years. 32.7% CCHS (2014) Description of % of population that reports being limited in their activities “sometimes” or “often” due to disease/illness, population aged 12+ years.
Mortality Death rate due to a major chronic disease (diabetes, cancer, cardiovascular diseases, chronic respiratory diseases), total population. 473.0 per 100 000 CVSD (2013) Description of Death rate due to a major chronic disease (diabetes, cancer, cardiovascular diseases, chronic respiratory diseases), total population.
Mortality Death rate due to cardiovascular diseases, total population. 194.7 per 100 000 CVSD (2013) Description of Death rate due to cardiovascular diseases, total population.
Mortality Death rate due to cancer, total population. 213.7 per 100 000 CVSD (2013) Description of Death rate due to cancer, total population.
Mortality Death rate due to chronic respiratory diseases, total population. 44.7 per 100 000 CVSD (2013) Description of Death rate due to chronic respiratory diseases, total population.
Mortality Death rate due to diabetes, total population. 20.0 per 100 000 CVSD (2013) Description of Death rate due to diabetes, total population.
Mortality Death rate due to suicide, total population. 11.5 per 100 000 CVSD (2013) Description of Death rate due to suicide, total population.
Mortality Death rate due to dementia, including Alzheimer’s disease, total population. (New) 61.8 per 100 000 CVSD (2013) Description of Death rate due to dementia, including Alzheimer’s disease, total population. (New)
Mortality Death rate within one year of hip fracture, population aged 40+ years that had a hip fracture. (New) 230.4 per 1000 CCDSS (2012/13) Description of Death rate within one year of hip fracture, population aged 40+ years that had a hip fracture. (New)
Premature mortality Probability of dying between ages 30 and 69 years from one of the major chronic diseases (cardiovascular diseases, cancer, chronic respiratory diseases, diabetes). 10.4% CVSD (2013) Description of Probability of dying between ages 30 and 69 years from one of the major chronic diseases (cardiovascular diseases, cancer, chronic respiratory diseases, diabetes).
Premature mortality Probability of dying between ages 30 and 69 years from cardiovascular disease. 3.0% CVSD (2013) Description of Probability of dying between ages 30 and 69 years from cardiovascular disease.
Premature mortality Probability of dying between ages 30 and 69 years from cancer. 6.3% CVSD (2013) Description of Probability of dying between ages 30 and 69 years from cancer.
Premature mortality Probability of dying between ages 30 and 69 years from chronic respiratory disease. 0.6% CVSD (2013) Description of Probability of dying between ages 30 and 69 years from chronic respiratory disease.
Premature mortality Probability of dying between ages 30 and 69 years from diabetes. 0.4% CVSD (2013) Description of Probability of dying between ages 30 and 69 years from diabetes.

Notes

  • Abbreviations: CCASS, Canadian Congenital Anomalies Surveillance System; CCDSS, Canadian Chronic Disease Surveillance System; CCHS, Canadian Community Health Survey; CCR, Canadian Cancer Registry; CHMS, Canadian Health Measures Survey; CIS, Canadian Income Survey; CTADS, Canadian Tobacco, Alcohol and Drugs Survey; CVSD, Canadian Vital Statistics–Death Database; DAD, Discharge Abstract Database; GSS, General Social Survey; HDL-C, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; LFS, Labour Force Survey; MH, Mental Health; NCIRS, National Cancer Incidence Reporting System; TC, total cholesterol.
  • Note: Indicators/measures identified as data gaps: Prenatal smoking, prenatal alcohol drinking, developmental disorders (including autism spectrum disorder [ASD] and fetal alcohol spectrum disorder [FASD]), social support, resilience, discrimination and stigma and built environment.
  • a All rates in this table are crude and based on actual data, unless otherwise stated.
  • b Includes all children aged 0–17 years living in economic families and not living in economic families.
  • c Total births include live births and stillbirths.
  • d One year follow-up.
  • e This indicator has changed from previous editions; estimates are not directly comparable.
  • f This indicator captures people found to have elevated levels of the risk condition measured in a single fasting sample regardless of diagnosis status (excluding pregnant women).
  • g CHMS data exist for this indicator to present pan-Canadian rates of blood pressure status by diagnosis.
  • h The six mental or substance use disorders include: major depressive episode, bipolar disorder, generalized anxiety disorder and abuse of or dependence on alcohol, cannabis or other drugs.
  • i The five main groups of chronic diseases include: cancer, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases (heart disease and/or stroke), chronic respiratory diseases (asthma and/or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) and mood and anxiety disorders.
  • j The 10 chronic diseases included are heart disease, stroke, cancer, asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, diabetes, arthritis, Alzheimer’s disease or other dementia, mood disorders and anxiety disorders.
  • k These numbers are projected estimates for 2017 that are based on the August 2015 CCR tabulation master file (1992–2013) and the NCIRS (1969–1991).
  • Suggested Citation: Public Health Agency of Canada. Canadian Chronic Disease Indicators, Quick Stats, 2017 Edition. Ottawa (ON): Public Health Agency of Canada; 2017.
  • Hashtag: #CCDI
  • For questions or comments, please contact us at: infobase@phac-aspc.gc.ca
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